Turbine BioFuel & BioCoal Potential Installation Sites
Summary-Scalability is a major challenge for all biomass based energy products. BioCoal has a renewable and readily accessible source of biomass. With 2.5 million acres of impaired waterways by EPA estimates, a huge reservoir of biomass that could be processed into co-fire or sole fire fuel, is as yet untapped. Nuisance algal blooms for processing into fuel can be subsidized by the EPA and state agencies, for removal of the biomass from impaired waterways. Algal blooms, that are a minimum of 15% solids, can yield 365,000 tons of fuel per billion processed gallons. Each acre foot is approx. 325,000 gallons, so every 3 acres could produce 365,000 tons of fuel. Lower solids density of algae produces greatly reduced volumes of fuel. Nuisance blue green HAB is an ideal biomass for coal co-firing. Blue Green is voracious, consuming large volumes of nitrogen and CO2 during growth. Blue Green algae growth is rapid, providing scalability. Long term harvesting, year around, for fuel production is available in many areas of the US.
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Power Installation Cooling Ponds & Sytems
Lake Erie has a 50 year history of severe algae blooms. 2013 was the worse. However, the bloom during the summer of 2014 was the first to stop drinking water from Lake Erie. NASA photos, comments, history, and prognosis. Lake Erie has a 50 year history of severe algae blooms. 2013 was the worse. However, the bloom during the summer of 2014 was the first stop pumping drinking water from Lake Erie. NASA photos, comments, history, and prognosis.
Power Generation Cooling Ponds are a tremendous challenge to operators. The problems with water quality, biomass blooms in the ponds, ash, and other materials are a real headache. WE RUN WITH COAL! Most of the biomass from cooling ponds is of a high lipid variety. Meaning, high vegetable oil. Using cooling pond biomass to produce fuel has the potential of on site fueling of the power plant, while producing cleaner water for the cooling pond and removing some heavy metals and other contaminates. An example of a targeted power station is the Chollo plant in Arizona. Large cooling pond, emissions problems, water table issues, and negative public perception
St. John's River system was one of the most impaired water systems in the United States. And Florida has issues with both fresh water and salt HAB's. 2014 has been particularly brutal for the State of Florida. Calls for limiting agriculture fertilizer runoff could adversely impact the state's agricultural economic future. Tourism is also negatively impacted. Read St. John's Water Managements comments.
BioCoal can change the dynamic of HAB's Impact!
The Harmful Algae Bloom problem provides CCA with a nearly inexhaustible source of raw biomass for processing into BioCoal for co-fire application. The algae is removed from the impacted waterway and burned with coal or natural gas. This removes nutrients from the waterway, controls unfettered growth of algae, and provides a carbon neutral fuel for power generation. Technology exists to harvest seaborne algae. However, we has focused on freshwater species.